Timothy Francis Donaghy (/ d ɒ n ə ɡ i / ; geboren 7. Januar ) ist ein ehemaliger Profi - Basketball - Schiedsrichter, die in der bearbeiteten National. Personal Foul | Donaghy, Tim | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Sind Sie Autor? Besuchen Sie Author Central, um Ihr Foto zu ändern, Ihre Biografie zu bearbeiten und vieles mehr. Siehe Autoren-Seiten FAQ. Sonst noch.
Tim DonaghyTim Donaghy. Gefällt Mal · 2 Personen sprechen darüber. Author of "Personal Foul:A First-Person Account of The Scandal That Rocked The NBA". Selon la presse américaine, Donaghy, 41 ans, qui fut arbitre de la NBA pendant 13 ans, a été admis dans la prison fédérale de Pensacola, en Floride. Tim. Viel Spaß mit Millionen aktueller Android-Apps, Spielen, Musik, Filmen, Serien, Büchern und Zeitschriften – jederzeit, überall und auf allen deinen Geräten.
Tim Donaghy Navigation menu VideoTim Donaghy \ Donaghy erhielt anfangs 2. Mike Missanelli von der Stephen A. Deadly Sins. Er wurde auf einer Partnersuche.De Erfahrungen über 5.
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Although his lawyer asked for a probationary sentence, Donaghy admitted that he had "brought shame on myself, my family and the profession.
Donaghy was released from federal prison on November 4, He is under supervised release by a federal parole-type officer.
Immediately after the reports were released, several writers said that the NBA's popularity would be hurt by the news. Adande said that "the integrity of the games just took a major hit.
Sports gambling expert R. Bell, president of sports betting information site Pregame. He discovered that during the two seasons investigated by the NBA, the teams involved scored more points than expected by the Las Vegas sports books 57 percent of the time.
In the previous two seasons, this only happened 44 percent of the time. According to Bell, the odds of such a discrepancy are 1 in 1,, and there was "a Handicapper Brandon Lang told ESPN that it is fairly easy for a crooked sports official to fix a game, despite Stern's insistence that Donaghy was a "rogue official".
According to Lang, an official can directly influence the outcome of a game 75 percent of the time if he has money on the game.
For instance, Lang said that a crooked NBA referee can fix the total score by calling enough fouls to get both teams in the bonus.
When a game is being fixed, Lang said, the officials should be the prime suspects because the players are making too much money to risk their future.
Lang also believed a bookie connected to the mob turned Donaghy in to the FBI. As a result of the betting scandal, Stern revised the guidelines on the behavior of NBA referees during the Board of Governors' meeting in In , Athanas was indicted as part of a federal sports-betting case that was unrelated to Donaghy.
One morning in early July , Ronnie Nunn was asleep in a hotel room in Las Vegas when his cellphone buzzed him awake.
Nunn, then the director of NBA officials, was in town for the NBA summer league games held annually among the casinos, where referee candidates from the minors are assessed for possible promotion to the Show.
Litvin's tone was urgent. Had Nunn heard anything about Donaghy's resignation? Had he heard about Donaghy's gambling "issues" -- about what he had done?
Now sitting bolt upright, Nunn answered "no" to all the questions. Litvin then filled him in on the worst of it and told him there was an ongoing investigation, instructing him to say nothing about any of it to anyone.
Then he hung up. A few weeks later, four days after the Post story broke, David Stern gave his first news conference. His messaging was clear: Donaghy was a rogue.
He'd acted alone. This was an episode of gambling, yes, but almost assuredly not match-fixing. Stern's conclusion that Donaghy did not fix games would be validated by the federal investigation.
Donaghy, in August , and Martino, in April , would plead guilty to two charges: conspiracy to commit wire fraud and conspiracy to transmit gambling information.
Battista would cut a deal, pleading guilty in April only to the charge of transmission of gambling information.
Martino would receive a year and Donaghy and Battista 15 months each in federal prison. But while Donaghy would admit to betting on his own games in his plea agreement, he would not admit to fixing games.
With a team of four young lawyers, Pedowitz took a little over a year to conduct the probe and write up the findings in a page report.
Pedowitz, who has retired from his firm, did not respond to requests for comment. David Anders, an attorney who helped Pedowitz run the investigation, declined to comment.
His brief was to audit the entire NBA referee program for corruption, but he also had a narrower goal: figuring out whether Donaghy had indeed fixed games.
And, if he did, what was his method? To answer those questions, Pedowitz convened a group of NBA basketball operations personnel to watch games worked by Donaghy during the season -- but the ensuing report did not fully explain the limited number of games they decided to review.
The FBI had discovered that Donaghy had wagered on as many as 40 of his own games with Concannon during each of the three seasons between and Based on information from Tommy Martino, among others, there were reasons to suspect Donaghy had money on the vast majority of his games during the fateful season, from the very beginning until as late as April 11 -- 65 games in all.
Yet the number of games reviewed by Pedowitz's group of NBA employees was only In this, Pedowitz followed the lead of federal investigators, who had analyzed video of Donaghy's games -- recruiting Nunn himself to review eight of them -- based on Donaghy's admission to the Feds that he'd wagered on just 16 of his own games in the final season of his career.
The Feds never said which 16 games they were, so Pedowitz's team had to deduce them from court documents and FBI requests for game videos, and the set of possible games it came up with was The NBA employees "examined every play and determined whether, in their view, Donaghy's calls or absence of calls were correct.
Just one game of potential funny business out of 17 wasn't nearly enough to accuse the referee of anything.
And so, in the end, on the question of whether Donaghy fixed, Pedowitz upheld the findings of the U. Attorney's Office -- which never charged him with such crimes.
But Scala, the FBI agent who pursued the case, has doubts. That never really flew with us. This notion even found its way into the Pedowitz report itself.
Scala recalls that he and Donaghy went around and around on the issue. All those gray-area decisions you have to make, Tim?
Because you're betting on the game, your judgment is off -- and you threw the game. Still, in Scala's telling, the FBI eventually just had to move on.
Short of an outright confession, how could you prove that Donaghy had fixed the games anyway? And what more did you want? The guy's career was ruined and his life in shambles.
They'd shut down a Gambino profit center. They were an organized crime squad, dealing with murder and mayhem.
They had to get back to it. The Feds' job, on this one, was done. The NBA did too. It's impossible,'" Scala says.
Too many invested observers -- referee supervisors, coaches, players, owners, media, fans -- would be too quick to complain if they saw something fishy, the NBA argued.
But as Scala put it, "When someone tells you something's impossible, you know they're full of s, because nothing's impossible. But that was the company line.
Simply put, to show that Donaghy fixed games would suggest that it's easier for gamblers to manipulate games than any sports league would want to admit.
Conspiracy theories about corrupted refs have dogged the league for decades. For that reason, the NBA is particularly wary of any hint of the fix.
Even if it made them strange bedfellows, then, Donaghy's denials of match-fixing guilt were, in the end, a gift.
After Donaghy, the NBA put into place a host of new measures designed to detect any nascent game-fixing schemes. They included a beefed-up computerized system for monitoring refs' foul calls; enhanced scrutiny of betting-line fluctuations that might reveal suspicious wagering; the hiring of staff with experience in law enforcement, security and data analysis; and even the cultivation of tipsters within the sports-gambling industry who could relay rumors of possible corruption.
But at the time the scandal broke, the NBA closed ranks. Lamell McMorris served as the lead negotiator for the referees' union in its collective bargaining with the league.
It was either sink or swim together for all of us. When the FBI began interviewing Donaghy's referee colleagues, the agents, according to Scala, eventually spoke to perhaps 10 of them.
According to the FBI's investigation files, obtained in an FOIA request, some referees had to be served with subpoenas before they would talk to the Feds.
The notes taken by the agents during these interviews have a mantra-like similarity: "recalled feeling 'shocked' when he learned about Donaghy To this day, what amounts to something like a self-imposed gag order on the subject of Donaghy persists, even among those refs who no longer work for the league.
To discuss Donaghy with more than a dozen of them now is to sense that their silence has more to do with the fact that they hate the guy.
None of them says anymore that Donaghy "was a good ref. Don't be fishing, because you ain't getting anything out of me.
I refuse to talk about him. Or even put him in any kind of limelight at all. It's despicable. Not every retired referee is reticent. There is, for one, Ed T.
Rush, former NBA director of officials, a Philadelphia native and, for 32 years, a referee at the highest level, starting in When Donaghy was still slogging it in the minors in the early s, Rush had taken it upon himself to mentor his young fellow Philadelphian.
The Philly ref blood runs deep. And he could have been. After the scandal, Rush was among those NBA personnel tasked by Pedowitz with reviewing a set of Donaghy games for evidence of game-fixing.
Rush recalls watching maybe 10 such games. What did he see? When I asked, I expected Rush to answer much the same as Nunn had to me: Nothing out of the ordinary.
Nothing to see here. Move along. Instead, he surprised me. In the early s, Rush went on to explain, the NBA undertook a wholesale revision of its refereeing guidelines, changes that would naturally lead to the entire NBA referee corps calling a greater volume of fouls, at least initially.
All this occurred while Rush was director of officials, from to Then people settle in. But Donaghy didn't settle in. Rush, as director of refs, took notice but didn't think much of it at the time.
It was only later, in , after Donaghy had been exposed, that Donaghy's letter-of-the-law foul-calling acquired a darker hue.
Watching games for Pedowitz, Rush noticed the same propensity to call "literally interpreted" fouls in situations where they were not warranted -- ones that ran counter to the flow of the game.
Only this time, Rush viewed these calls with suspicion. Still, as Rush explained to me over the phone, these were just "trends," not "red flags," and the NBA and the Pedowitz people were interested only in red flags.
A play that had to be called one way and that [Donaghy] called the other way. That's what they were looking for. I didn't find it. In the end, Rush felt there was no need to relay his observations to the Pedowitz people.
He felt the trends were embodied in the stats: The volume of Donaghy's calls was noticeable; it must be obvious to all. And so nothing about any of this would end up in Pedowitz's final report.
What does it mean to "fix" a game? And how, in turn, could you uncover evidence of it years, even a decade, later? The methods of fixing are rather straightforward.
A player who's on the take can shave points, purposely missing baskets, say, in an effort to lower the score for his side. A ref, on the other hand, can effectively add points -- calling fouls that result in free throws.
And if a ref were to target one particular team with fouls, he could push the score for the opposing side higher than it otherwise would be. Guys like Joey Crawford, Bennett Salvatore, those older refs hated his guts.
Donaghy is back in the public eye because of the release of a new movie, Inside Game , based on the book by Tommy Martino , a childhood friend of Donaghy who helped hatch a plan in the mids to make millions off betting on games with tips from Donaghy, touching off one of the biggest gambling scandals in American sports.
The movie debuts on Friday. Either way, 12 years later, Donaghy would rather not talk about the entire experience. The NBA would prefer he not talk about it, either.
Former NBA ref surrenders to charges he bet on games he officiated. The Boston Globe. Retrieved July 23, National Basketball Referees Association.
Retrieved July 20, July 20, National Basketball Association. July 24, Retrieved July 29, July 21, Referee Under Investigation".
The New York Times. July 29, June 17, Retrieved July 28, New York Daily News. New York Post. Archived from the original on September 29, Retrieved August 1, The Philadelphia Inquirer.
Retrieved July 21, CNN Sports Illustrated. November 19, Detroit Pistons — Box Score — November 19, ". February 8, USA Today.
Archived from the original on September 15, Smith Show ". Donaghy initially shunned the production, but eventually saw the movie and liked the lesson it taught about having to live with making poor choices in life.
He jumped on board when he learned some of the proceeds were being donated to Elwyn , a Delaware County facility for children and adults with autism and intellectual and developmental disabilities.